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Fractionalization and the Fight over Natural Resources: Ethnicity, language, religion, and the onset of civil war.

Abstract:

We use three different measures of fractionalization (with varying potential for members of one fraction to “mendaciously” pass for a member of another) to revisit the correlation between natural resources and the onset of conflict. The combination of ethnic fractionalization and resource wealth seems to translate into a greater risk of war, but the same is not true for linguistic and religious fractionalization. This is consistent with the “greed hypothesis” as a driver of conflict. However,...

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Volume:
17
Series:
Research Papers
Publication date:
2009-01-05
URN:
uuid:fe11a8bd-42c3-48ec-b3b6-3d4da9be2e5e
Local pid:
oai:economics.ouls.ox.ac.uk:12980
Language:
English

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