HIF (hypoxia-inducible factor) is an alphabeta transcription factor that modulates the hypoxic response in many animals. The cellular abundance and activity of HIF-alpha are regulated by its post-translational hydroxylation. The hydroxylation of HIF is catalysed by PHD (prolyl hydroxylase domain) enzymes and FIH (factorinhibiting HIF), all of which are 2-oxoglutarate- and Fe(II)-dependent dioxygenases. FIH hydroxylates a conserved asparagine residue in HIF-alpha (Asn-803), which blocks the bi...Expand abstract
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Disruption of dimerization and substrate phosphorylation inhibit factor inhibiting hypoxia-inducible factor (FIH) activity.
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