Recognition and kinetics for excision of a base lesion within clustered DNA damage by the Escherichia coli proteins Fpg and Nth.
Ionizing radiation and radiomimetic anticancer agents induce clustered DNA damages that are thought to lead to deleterious biological consequences, due to the challenge that clustered damage may present to the repair machinery of the cell. Specific oligonucleotides, containing either dihydrothymine (DHT) or 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) opposite to specific lesions at defined positions on the complementary strand, have been used to determine the kinetic constants, K(M), k(cat), and specif...Expand abstract
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