Prevention of infection in external fixator pin sites.
Infection in external fixator pins is known to be a significant problem, with incidences between 3% and 80% reported in the literature. An infection occurs when planktonic bacteria adhere to external fixator pins and subsequently produce a biofilm which protects the bacteria from host defences. The most commonly implicated organisms are Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Once an infection occurs, treatment is difficult. Systemic antibiotics have limited benefits and conside...Expand abstract
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