Proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines in humans with Japanese encephalitis.
BACKGROUND: Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), the mosquito-borne flavivirus, annually causes an estimated 35,000-50,000 encephalitis cases and 10,000-15,000 deaths in Asia, and there is no antiviral treatment. The role played by the immune response in determining the outcome of human infection with JEV is poorly understood, although, in animal models of flavivirus encephalitis, unregulated proinflammatory cytokine responses can be detrimental. METHODS: We studied the innate, cellular, and h...Expand abstract
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