The role of oestrogens and progestagens in the epidemiology and prevention of breast cancer.
The protective effect of early menopause shows that ovarian hormones increase the risk of breast cancer: it is likely that this is because they stimulate breast cell division. The mitotic rate of breast cells is higher during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle than during the follicular phase, suggesting either that progesterone and oestrogen together induce more mitoses than oestrogen alone (the 'oestrogen plus progestagen hypothesis') or that oestrogen alone induces breast cell mitoses...Expand abstract
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