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The origin of mountains - implications for the behaviour of Earth's lithosphere

Abstract:

Mountains are an expression of buoyancy in the outermost part of the Earth, caused by density contrasts in the lithosphere and underlying asthenosphere, as described by the principle of isostasy. The biggest density contrast is between the lower density crust and more dense mantle, and so changes in crustal thickness are the main reason for the creation of the planet's highest and most extensive mountain ranges, in the Andes of South America, and the great ranges of Central Asia, in Tibet and...

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Publication status:
Published

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Journal:
CURRENT SCIENCE More from this journal
Volume:
99
Issue:
12
Pages:
1699-1718
Publication date:
2010-12-25
ISSN:
0011-3891
Language:
English
Keywords:
Pubs id:
pubs:112673
UUID:
uuid:cfdb140f-bfe8-4abd-a415-44ceaaf2478e
Local pid:
pubs:112673
Source identifiers:
112673
Deposit date:
2013-11-16

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