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Emergence of active nematic behavior in monolayers of isotropic cells

Abstract:

There is now growing evidence of the emergence and biological functionality of liquid crystal features, including nematic order and topological defects, in cellular tissues. However, how such features that intrinsically rely on particle elongation emerge in monolayers of cells with isotropic shapes is an outstanding question. In this Letter, we present a minimal model of cellular monolayers based on cell deformation and force transmission at the cell-cell interface that explains the formation...

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Publication status:
Published
Peer review status:
Peer reviewed

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Publisher copy:
10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.048004

Authors


More by this author
Institution:
University of Oxford
Division:
MPLS Division
Department:
Physics
Sub department:
Theoretical Physics
Role:
Author
More by this author
Institution:
University of Oxford
Division:
MPLS Division
Department:
Physics
Sub department:
Theoretical Physics
Role:
Author
More by this author
Institution:
University of Oxford
Division:
MPLS Division
Department:
Physics
Sub department:
Theoretical Physics
Role:
Author
ORCID:
0000-0002-1116-4268
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Journal:
Physical Review Letters More from this journal
Volume:
122
Issue:
4
Article number:
048004
Publication date:
2019-02-01
Acceptance date:
2019-01-10
DOI:
EISSN:
1079-7114
ISSN:
0031-9007
Keywords:
Pubs id:
pubs:944008
UUID:
uuid:cda400ca-2da1-4f52-9afb-f44535f4ed40
Local pid:
pubs:944008
Source identifiers:
944008
Deposit date:
2019-01-25

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