Smooth muscle cells in human atherosclerotic plaques express the fractalkine receptor CX3CR1 and undergo chemotaxis to the CX3C chemokine fractalkine (CX3CL1).
BACKGROUND: Chemokines are important mediators of inflammatory cell recruitment that play a significant role in atherosclerosis. Fractalkine (CX3CL1) is an unusual membrane-bound chemokine that mediates chemotaxis through the CX3CR1 receptor. Recently, functional polymorphisms in the human CX3CR1 gene have been described that are associated with coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated the expression of the CX3C chemokine fractalkine and its receptor CX3CR1 in human coro...Expand abstract
- Publication status:
- Publisher copy:
- Copyright date: