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Lead pollution recorded in Greenland ice indicates European emissions tracked plagues, wars, and imperial expansion during antiquity

Abstract:

Lead pollution in Arctic ice reflects midlatitude emissions from ancient lead–silver mining and smelting. The few reported measurements have been extrapolated to infer the performance of ancient economies, including comparisons of economic productivity and growth during the Roman Republican and Imperial periods. These studies were based on sparse sampling and inaccurate dating, limiting understanding of trends and specific linkages. Here we show, using a precisely dated record of estimated le...

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Publication status:
Published
Peer review status:
Peer reviewed
Version:
Accepted Manuscript

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Publisher copy:
10.1073/pnas.1721818115

Authors


McConnell, JR More by this author
More by this author
Institution:
University of Oxford
Division:
Humanities Division
Department:
Classics Faculty; Ancient History & Classical Arch
Oxford college:
All Souls College
ORCID:
0000-0001-5237-2234
Arienzo, M More by this author
Chellman, N More by this author
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John Fell Fund More from this funder
All Souls College, Oxford More from this funder
Desert Research Institute More from this funder
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences Publisher's website
Journal:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Journal website
Volume:
115
Issue:
22
Pages:
5726-5731
Publication date:
2018-05-14
Acceptance date:
2018-04-11
DOI:
EISSN:
1091-6490
ISSN:
0027-8424
Pubs id:
pubs:836604
URN:
uri:a5ce950a-14b5-4071-8d29-2929845ee0dc
UUID:
uuid:a5ce950a-14b5-4071-8d29-2929845ee0dc
Local pid:
pubs:836604
Language:
English
Keywords:

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