The plague in Penrith, Cumbria, 1597/8: its causes, biology and consequences.
Using a family reconstitution study the biology of the plague in Penrith, Cumbria in 1597/8 is described in detail; it was an explosive epidemic that spread rapidly within families and 606 individuals died of the plague, some 40% of the population. The age-specific mortality corresponded with the calculated age structure of the population and infection appeared to be random. The sex ratio of victims was 1.37 females to 1 male. The plague spread from the northeast via Richmond and then explode...Expand abstract
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