Non-rod, non-cone photoreception in the vertebrates.
When reflected from a surface, light can provide a representation of the spatial environment, whilst gross changes in environment light can signal the time of day. The differing sensory demands of using light to detect environmental space and time appear to have provided the selection pressures for the evolution of different photoreceptor systems in the vertebrates, and probably all animals. This point has been well recognised in the non-mammals, which possess multiple opsin/vitamin A-based p...Expand abstract
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