Do extra classes improve cognitive test scores? Evidence from Vietnam
This paper examines whether participation in extra classes improves children’s cognitive test scores, using data from the second and third rounds of the Young Lives survey in Vietnam. Using a standard value-added model, we find that that the number of hours pupils spend in extra classes is not associated with better cognitive (mathematics and vocabulary) test scores. However, a number of other factors (parental schooling, household wealth, ethnicity and gender) do influence children’s test...Expand abstract
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