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Contextualizing early urbanization: settlement cores, early states and agro-pastoral strategies in the fertile crescent during the fourth and third millennia BC

Abstract:

This paper employs data from selected sample survey areas in the northern Fertile Crescent to demonstrate how initial urbanization developed along several pathways. The first, during the Late Chalcolithic period, was within a dense pattern of rural settlement. There followed a profound shift in settlement pattern that resulted in the formation of large walled or ramparted sites (‘citadel cities’) associated with a more dynamic phase of urbanization exemplified by short cycles of growth and co...

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Publication status:
Published
Peer review status:
Peer reviewed
Version:
Publisher's version

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Publisher copy:
10.1007/s10963-014-9072-2

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Institution:
University of Oxford
Department:
Oxford, SSD, SOGE, Geography
Role:
Author
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Publisher:
Springer US Publisher's website
Journal:
Journal of World Prehistory Journal website
Volume:
27
Issue:
1
Pages:
43-109
Publication date:
2014-04-16
DOI:
EISSN:
1573-7802
ISSN:
0892-7537
URN:
uuid:597a73da-471e-4a31-aa7b-fb3acf181ad5
Source identifiers:
464273
Local pid:
pubs:464273

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