Herpes simplex virus encephalitis (HSVE) is the most frequent fatal viral infection of the brain. Because antiviral treatment may improve the prognosis significantly, early diagnosis is mandatory. Imaging diagnosis rests on conventional MRI for the visualization of lesions in the limbic system, the hallmark of HSVE. Diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI) has not been used for the evaluation of HSVE. We report on the DW-MRI findings in three patients with HSVE, who had cortical diffusion abnormalitie...Expand abstract
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Diffusion-weighted MRI in herpes simplex encephalitis: a report of three cases.
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