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Violence against Civilians in Civil Wars: Looting or Terror?

Abstract:

This article analyses the motives of violence against civilians during internal wars. It is suggested that soldiers may terrorize civilians because they need the loot to augment their resources while the rest of the time is engaged in fighting proper. An alternative hypothesis suggests that terrorizing the civilian population plays a direct military role. The displacement of large fractions of the civilian population reduces the fighting efficiency of the enemy, as they cannot hide as easily ...

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Publisher copy:
10.1177/0022343302039004006

Authors


Jean-Paul Azam More by this author
Anke Hoeffler More by this author
Journal:
Journal of Peace Research
Volume:
39
Issue:
4
Publication date:
2002
DOI:
URN:
uuid:4954f519-d77a-4752-ba0f-9d9eb629e636
Local pid:
oai:economics.ouls.ox.ac.uk:14462
Language:
English

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