Low frequency temporal modulation of light promotes a myopic shift in refractive compensation to all spectacle lenses.
Emmetropization, the process by which ocular growth of young animals adapts to ensure focussed retinal images, can be disrupted by high frequency flicker, causing a hypermetropic shift. Emmetropization can also be disrupted differentially, in a sign dependent manner, by pharmacological alteration of the balance of activation of the ON and OFF retinal sub-systems in normal light or by rearing in an environment with a moving spatiotemporally varied diamond pattern (yielding local sawtooth illum...Expand abstract
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