Are you living in a computer simulation?
This paper argues that at least one of the following propositions is true: (1) the human species is very likely to go extinct before reaching a "posthuman" stage; (2) any posthuman civilization is extremely unlikely to run a significant number of simulations of their evolutionary history (or variations thereof); (3) we are almost certainly living in a computer simulation. It follows that the belief that there is a significant chance that we will one day become posthumans who run ancestor-simu...Expand abstract
- Publication status:
- Peer review status:
- Peer reviewed
- Author's Original
- Copyright holder:
- Nick Bostrom
- Copyright date:
The definitive version of this article is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com’.
Citation: Bostrom, N. (2003). 'Are you living in a computer simulation?, Philosophical Quarterly, 53 (211), 243-255.