Cigarette smoking, appendectomy, and tonsillectomy as risk factors for the development of primary sclerosing cholangitis: a case control study.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The strong clinical association between primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and ulcerative colitis (UC) suggests common factors in their pathogenesis. Smoking, previous appendectomy, and tonsillectomy have been associated with a decreased risk of developing UC. In this study, our aim was to examine these risk factors in patients with PSC with and without underlying inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: The smoking habits and history of previous appendectomy and/or ...Expand abstract
- Publication status:
- Publisher copy:
- Copyright date:
Views and Downloads
If you are the owner of this record, you can report an update to it here: Report update to this record