The mechanisms by which cellular immunity maintains the asymptomatic state after human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection are poorly understood. CD4+ T lymphocytes play a complex role in regulating anti-HIV effector pathways, including activation of macrophages, which are themselves implicated in clinical latency and pathogenesis of symptomatic acquired immune deficiency syndrome. We have found that a newly identified T helper type 2 lymphokine, interleukin 13 (IL-13), inhibits H...Expand abstract
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Interleukin 13 inhibits human immunodeficiency virus type 1 production in primary blood-derived human macrophages in vitro.
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