The lack of standardization in bone mineral measurements of the lumbar spine and other skeletal sites is generally recognized as an important and unresolved issue. We report and discuss efforts at standardization and cross-calibration of DXA and QCT equipment. We have designed and tested a geometrically defined, semi-anthropomorphic phantom, the European Spine Phantom (ESP). It contains a spine insert consisting of three vertebrae of increasing bone mineral densities and thicknesses of cortic...Expand abstract
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The European Spine Phantom--a tool for standardization and quality control in spinal bone mineral measurements by DXA and QCT.
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