Geographic Patterns in the Evolution of Resistance and Virulence in Drosophila and Its Parasitoids
Many insects are attacked by internal parasitoids against which they mount a largely cellular immunological defense. The resistance of a host and the virulence of a parasitoid determine which species survives after parasitism. Drosophila is parasitized by several hymenopterous parasitoids, especially those in the genera Asobara and Leptopilina. Geographic patterns have been found in parasitoid virulence and host resistance, the clearest of which is a cline in Asobara tabida virulence from the...Expand abstract
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Citation: Kraaijeveld, A. R. & Godfray, H. C. J. (1999). 'Geographic Patterns in the Evolution of Resistance and Virulence in Drosophila and Its Parasitoids', The American Naturalist, 153, Suppl., S61–S74. [Available at http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/full/10.1086/303212]
Copyright 1999 by The University of Chicago.
This article is part of a working group supported by the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS; National Science Foundation grant DEB-9421535) and was cofunded by the American Society of Naturalists and NCEAS. Some of the work was supported by core funding to the Natural Environment Research Council Centre for Population Biology.
H. C. J. Godfray was formerly based at Natural Environment Research Council Centre for Population Biology and Department of Biology, Imperial College at Silwood Park.
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