Early health effects of the emerging tobacco epidemic in China. A 16-year prospective study.
CONTEXT: In recent decades, there has been a rapid and substantial increase in tobacco consumption in China, particularly by men, but little is known from local epidemiologic studies about the pattern of smoking-related deaths. OBJECTIVE: To assess the current health effects of cigarette smoking in Shanghai, China. DESIGN: Prospective observational study of mortality in relation to cigarette smoking. SETTING: Eleven factories in urban Shanghai. SUBJECTS: A total of 9351 adults (6494 men and 2...Expand abstract
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