Moyamoya disease (MMD) is characterized by progressive stenosis and occlusion of the terminal portion of the bilateral carotid arteries as well as arterial collateral vessels. The etiology of MMD, however, remains unknown. Several pieces of evidence suggest the involvement of genetic factors in MMD: over 10% of MMD patients have affected blood relatives; concordance in the affection status has been proven in 80% of identical twins; and there is an ethnic predisposition to MMD, the incidence o...Expand abstract
- Brain and nerve = Shinkei kenkyu no shinpo
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[Current knowledge on the genetic factors involved in moyamoya disease].
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