Isopenicillin N synthase mediates thiolate oxidation to sulfenate in a depsipeptide substrate analogue: implications for oxygen binding and a link to nitrile hydratase?
Isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS) is a nonheme iron oxidase that catalyzes the central step in the biosynthesis of beta-lactam antibiotics: oxidative cyclization of the linear tripeptide delta-L-alpha-aminoadipoyl-L-cysteinyl-D-valine (ACV) to isopenicillin N (IPN). The ACV analogue delta-L-alpha-aminoadipoyl-L-cysteine (1-(S)-carboxy-2-thiomethyl)ethyl ester (ACOmC) has been synthesized as a mechanistic probe of IPNS catalysis and crystallized with the enzyme. The crystal structure of the anae...Expand abstract
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