Selectivity and permeation of alkali metal ions in K+-channels.
Ion conduction in K(+)-channels is usually described in terms of concerted movements of K(+) progressing in a single file through a narrow pore. Permeation is driven by an incoming ion knocking on those ions already inside the protein. A fine-tuned balance between high-affinity binding and electrostatic repulsive forces between permeant ions is needed to achieve efficient conduction. While K(+)-channels are known to be highly selective for K(+) over Na(+), some K(+) channels conduct Na(+) in ...Expand abstract
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