Blockade of the CD40-CD154 costimulatory pathway can inhibit CD4(+) T cell-mediated alloimmune responses. The aim of this study was to define the in vivo requirement for CD40-CD154 costimulation by CD4(+) T cells that respond to alloantigen following direct recognition. We used TCR-transgenic CD4(+) T cells that are reactive to the MHC class II alloantigen, H2A(s). An experimental in vivo model was established that allowed direct comparison of the fate of a trace population of H2A(s)-reactive...Expand abstract
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Dependency of direct pathway CD4+ T cells on CD40-CD154 costimulation is determined by nature and microenvironment of primary contact with alloantigen.
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