Valproic acid, valproate and divalproex in the maintenance treatment of bipolar disorder.
BACKGROUND: Although lithium has been the most commonly used maintenance treatment in bipolar disorder for several decades, valproate is being used increasingly - especially in the United States of America. There is a need to clarify whether the increasingly prominent prophylactic role of valproate in bipolar disorder is justified. OBJECTIVES: To review the effectiveness of valproate, relative to placebo, other mood stabilisers and antipsychotics, in the prevention and/or attenuation of acut...Expand abstract
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