Systems approaches to surgical quality and safety: from concept to measurement.
OBJECTIVE: This approach provides the basis of our research program, which aims to expand operative assessment beyond patient factors and the technical skills of the surgeon; to extend assessment of surgical skills beyond bench models to the operating theater; to provide a basis for assessing interventions; and to provide a deeper understanding of surgical outcomes. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Research into surgical outcomes has primarily focused on the role of patient pathophysiological risk f...Expand abstract
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