KATP channel activation induces ischemic preconditioning of the endothelium in humans in vivo.
BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction contributes to ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) and is reduced by ischemic preconditioning (IPC). IPC may involve activation of ATP-sensitive potassium channels (K(ATP)). We determined whether modulation of K(ATP) channels occurs in endothelial IPC in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: IRI of the forearm was induced by inflating a blood pressure cuff to 200 mm Hg for 20 minutes in healthy volunteers. K(ATP) activation was modulated by intra-arterial glibenclamid...Expand abstract
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