DNA mismatch repair genes and colorectal cancer.
Positional cloning and linkage analysis have shown that inactivation of one of the mismatch repair genes (hMLH1, hMSH2, hPMS1, hPMS2, GTBP/hMSH6) is responsible for the microsatellite instability or replication error (RER+) seen in more than 90% of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancers (HNPCC) and 15% of sporadic RER+ colorectal cancers. In HNPCC, a germline mutation (usually in hMLH1 or hMSH2) is accompanied by one further event (usually allelic loss) to inactivate a mismatch repair gen...Expand abstract
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