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An assessment of the fate, behaviour and environmental risk associated with sunscreen TiO 2 nanoparticles in UK field scenarios

Abstract:

The fate of Ti was examined in an activated sludge plant serving over 200,000 people. These studies revealed a decrease of 30 to 3.2 μg/L of Ti<0.45 μm from influent to effluent and a calculated Ti presence of 305 mg/kg DW in wasted sludge. Thus, using sludge as a fertiliser would result in a predicted deposition of up to 250 mg/m 2 of Ti to soil surfaces using a recommended maximal agricultural application rate. Given the major use of TiO 2 in many industrial and domestic applications whe...

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Institution:
University of Oxford
Department:
Oxford, MPLS, Materials
Role:
Author
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Journal:
Science of the Total Environment
Volume:
409
Issue:
13
Pages:
2503-2510
Publication date:
2011-01-01
DOI:
EISSN:
1879-1026
ISSN:
0048-9697
URN:
uuid:d5d28923-5a91-4b10-ac43-01e4b3929cd1
Source identifiers:
179196
Local pid:
pubs:179196

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