The zwitterionic type I Streptococcus pneumoniae polysaccharide does not induce memory B cell formation in humans.
In contrast to other pneumococcal serotypes, which are thought to be T-independent antigens, type 1 Streptococcus pneumoniae polysaccharide (Sp1) is a zwitterionic polysaccharide (ZPS). It has previously been shown to be processed and presented by antigen-presenting cells utilizing the MHC-II pathway, which leads to Sp1-induced T cell proliferation, a hallmark of thymus-dependent immune responses. We used peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from adults enrolled in a randomised clinica...Expand abstract
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