Sex differences in the persistence of natal environmental effects on life histories.
"Silver spoon" effects of early environments on adult characteristics and life-history trajectories are thought to be widespread among vertebrates and are important because they imply that environments can have cascading transgenerational effects. Here we test for such effects by using a sample of 5425 great tits (Parus major) for which both natal and breeding environments were known in detail. Female life histories were strongly coupled with breeding conditions, but we found little evidence ...Expand abstract
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