OBJECTIVE: The goal was to examine the associations between dose, pattern, and timing of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and birth defects. METHODS: Data from a randomly selected, population-based cohort of nonindigenous women who gave birth to a live infant in Western Australia (WA) between 1995 and 1997 (N=4714) were linked to WA Midwives Notification System and WA Birth Defects Registry data. We assessed the associations of PAE before pregnancy, in the first trimester, and in late pregnan...Expand abstract
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Prenatal alcohol exposure and risk of birth defects.
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