Fluorescence measurement of intracellular sodium concentration in single Escherichia coli cells.
The energy-transducing cytoplasmic membrane of bacteria contains pumps and antiports maintaining the membrane potential and ion gradients. We have developed a method for rapid, single-cell measurement of the internal sodium concentration ([Na(+)](in)) in Escherichia coli using the sodium ion fluorescence indicator, Sodium Green. The bacterial flagellar motor is a molecular machine that couples the transmembrane flow of ions, either protons (H(+)) or sodium ions (Na(+)), to flagellar rotation....Expand abstract
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