NAADP activates two-pore channels on T cell cytolytic granules to stimulate exocytosis and killing.
A cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) kills an infected or tumorigenic cell by Ca(2+)-dependent exocytosis of cytolytic granules at the immunological synapse formed between the two cells. Although inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP(3))-mediated Ca(2+) release from the endoplasmic reticulum activates the store-operated Ca(2+)-influx pathway that is necessary for exocytosis, it is not a sufficient stimulus. Here we identify the Ca(2+)-mobilizing messenger nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (N...Expand abstract
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