Role of the endothelial cell in osteoclast control: new perspectives.
The osteoclast is of central importance in the process of bone remodeling. Its function is regulated by hormones and locally produced factors. Endothelial cells occur in close proximity to the osteoclast. Some endothelial cell-derived products, including endothelins, nitric oxide, and reactive oxygen species, have been recently implicated as modulators of osteoclast function. Endothelins inhibit bone resorption and osteoclast margin ruffling (quiescence or Q effect) at concentrations similar ...Expand abstract
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