An oxidation and ring contraction approach to the synthesis of (+/-)-1-deoxynojirimycin and (+/-)-1-deoxyaltronojirimycin.
- A reaction sequence involving the chemoselective olefinic oxidation of N(1)-benzyl-2,7-dihydro-1H-azepine with m-CPBA in the presence of HBF(4) and BnOH followed by ring contraction facilitates the stereoselective preparation of either of the epoxide diastereoisomers of (2RS,3SR)-N(1)-benzyl-2-chloromethyl-3-benzyloxy-4,5-epoxypiperidine by simple modification of the reaction conditions. Epoxide ring opening, functional group interconversion, and deprotection allow the synthesis of (+/-)-1-deoxynojirimycin and (+/-)-1-deoxyaltronojirimycin.
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