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Pills or push-ups? Effectiveness and public perception of pharmacological and non-pharmacological cognitive enhancement.

Abstract:

We review work on the effectiveness of different forms of cognitive enhancement, both pharmacological and non-pharmacological. We consider caffeine, methylphenidate, and modafinil for pharmacological cognitive enhancement (PCE) and computer training, physical exercise, and sleep for non-pharmacological cognitive enhancement (NPCE). We find that all of the techniques described can produce significant beneficial effects on cognitive performance. However, effect sizes are moderate, and consisten...

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Publication status:
Published
Peer review status:
Peer reviewed
Version:
Publisher's version

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Publisher copy:
10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01852

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Institution:
University of Oxford
Department:
Oxford, HUM, Philosophy Faculty
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Institution:
University of Oxford
Department:
Oxford, MSD, Experimental Psychology
Publisher:
Frontiers Media Publisher's website
Journal:
Frontiers in Psychology Journal website
Volume:
6
Issue:
DEC
Pages:
1852
Publication date:
2015-12-05
DOI:
EISSN:
1664-1078
ISSN:
1664-1078
URN:
uuid:bbb9ca73-30b2-45a5-ad6e-f431187a9603
Source identifiers:
581478
Local pid:
pubs:581478

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