Carboxymethylproline synthase (CarB), an unusual carbon-carbon bond-forming enzyme of the crotonase superfamily involved in carbapenem biosynthesis.
Carboxymethylproline synthase (CarB) catalyzes the committed step in the biosynthesis of (R)-1-carbapen-2-em-3-carboxylate, the simplest member of the carbapenem family of beta-lactam antibiotics, some of which are used clinically. CarB displays sequence homology with members of the crotonase family including enoyl-CoA hydratase (crotonase) and methylmalonyl-CoA decarboxylase. The CarB reaction has been proposed to comprise condensation of acetyl coenzyme A (AcCoA) and glutamate semi-aldehyde...Expand abstract
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