Rapid effects of hypoxia on H+ homeostasis in articular chondrocytes.
Articular chondrocytes experience low oxygen (O(2)) levels compared with many other tissues, and values fall further in disease states. Chondrocyte intracellular pH (pH(i)) is a powerful modulator of matrix synthesis and is principally regulated by Na(+)-H(+) exchange (NHE). In equine chondrocytes, NHE is inhibited when cells are incubated for 3 h at low O(2), leading to intracellular acidosis. O(2)-dependent changes in reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels appear to underlie this effect. The ...Expand abstract
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