A heterozygous deletion of the autoimmune regulator (AIRE1) gene, autoimmune thyroid disease, and type 1 diabetes: no evidence for association.
Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy (APECED) is a rare monogenic autoimmune disease with endocrine components including type 1 diabetes, adrenal failure, and thyroid dysfunction, with major autoantibodies directed against adrenal, pancreas, and thyroid tissue. A 13-bp deletion in exon 8 of the autoimmune regulator (AIRE1) gene on chromosome 21q22.3 accounts for more than 70% of mutant alleles in United Kingdom subjects with APECED. To determine whether this polymorp...Expand abstract
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