Kinetic rationale for selectivity toward N- and C-terminal oxygen-dependent degradation domain substrates mediated by a loop region of hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylases.
Hydroxylation of two conserved prolyl residues in the N- and C-terminal oxygen-dependent degradation domains (NODD and CODD) of the alpha-subunit of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) signals for its degradation via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. In human cells, three prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs 1-3) belonging to the Fe(II) and 2-oxoglutarate (2OG)-dependent oxygenase family catalyze prolyl hydroxylation with differing selectivity for CODD and NODD. Sequence analysis of the catalytic domains of ...Expand abstract
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