Spiral-spin-driven ferroelectricity in a multiferroic delafossite AgFeO2.
We have performed dielectric measurements and neutron diffraction experiments on the delafossite AgFeO2. A ferroelectric polarization P is approximately equal to 300 μC/m2 was observed in a powder sample, below 9 K. The neutron diffraction experiment demonstrated successive magnetostructural phase transitions at T(N1)=15 K and T(N2)=9 K. The magnetic structure for 9 K≤T≤15 K is a spin-density wave with a temperature dependent incommensurate modulation k=(-1, q, 1/2), q is approximately equal ...Expand abstract
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