Inhibition of TEM-2 beta-lactamase from Escherichia coli by clavulanic acid: observation of intermediates by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
Clavulanic acid, the therapeutically important inhibitor of beta-lactamases containing a nucleophilic serine residue at their active sites, inhibits Escherichia coli TEM-2 beta-lactamase via a complex mechanism. Electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESIMS) studies revealed that a minimum of four different modified proteins are formed upon incubation of clavulanate with the TEM-2 enzyme. These exhibit mass increments relative to the unmodified TEM-2 beta-lactamase of 52, 70, 88, and 155 D...Expand abstract
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