Spontaneous neurotransmitter release and Ca2+--how spontaneous is spontaneous neurotransmitter release?
Neurotransmitter release from neurons takes place at specialized structures called synapses. Action potential-evoked exocytosis requires Ca(2+) influx through voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels. Spontaneous vesicle fusion occurs both in the absence of action potentials and without any apparent stimulus and is hence thought to be Ca(2+)-independent. However, increasing evidence shows that this form of neurotransmitter discharge can be modulated by changes in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration, sugg...Expand abstract
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