We present an investigation of the cesium magneto-optical trap, with particular regard to the best combination of atomic density and temperature that can be produced. Conditions in the trap depend on four independent parameters: the detuning and intensity of the light, the gradient of the magnetic field, and the number of atoms trapped. We have varied all these parameters and measured the temperature and density distribution of the trapped cloud. Both the nonlinear variation with position of ...Expand abstract
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Phase-space density in the magneto-optical trap.
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