Nanoscale phase transformation in Ge2Sb2Te5 using encapsulated scanning probes and retraction force microscopy.
Encapsulated conducting probes that can sustain high currents are used to study the nanoscale properties of thin-film stacks comprising of a phase-change chalcogenide, Ge(2)Sb(2)Te(5). Scaling studies on this promising candidate for random-access memory devices had thus far required extensive lithography and nanoscale growth. This seriously hampers rapid materials characterization. This article describes the use of two key techniques, an encapsulated conductive probe and its use in retraction...Expand abstract
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