Within two months of treatment for falciparum malaria, Plasmodium vivax infections developed in 58 (33%) of 174 patients who had received a quinine or quinidine regimen and in 46 (32%) of 145 patients who had received mefloquine with inpatient follow-up of more than six weeks. The time to vivax relapse was significantly longer after mefloquine treatment (median 47 days, range 30-65) than after quinine or quinidine treatment (21 days, 15-36; p less than 0.0001). All patients remained outside a...Expand abstract
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High rate of Plasmodium vivax relapse following treatment of falciparum malaria in Thailand.
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